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Urinary Incontinence
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People should try to limit their fluids in order to reduce the number of trips to the toilet. However, if they don’t consume enough liquid to stay hydrated, enough liquid to stay hydrated, then their urine can occasionally become very concentrated. This collection of concentrated salts can irritate the bladder and worsen the urge incontinence.

Causes of Urinary Incontinence

It may be caused by some underlying physical problems like weakened muscles, nerve problems or an obstruction in the urinary treat. During pregnancy and childbirth also women may experience Urinary incontinence.

It is because the pregnant woman may experience stress incontinence because of hormonal changes and the increased weight of an enlarging uterus. Hormonal changes following menopause, many also lead to urinary incontinence.

It is because after menopause, a woman’s body produces less of the hormone estrogen. The with less estrogen, these tissues lose some of their ability to close, meaning that your urethra can’t hold back urine as easily as before.

Hysterectomy also leads to urinary incontinence. In women, the bladder and uterus lie close to one another and are supported by the some muscles and ligaments. Any surgery that involves a woman’s reproductive system, for example, removal of the uterus, runs the risk of damaging muscles or nerves of the urinary tract, which can lead to incontinence.

Types of Urinary Incontinence

There are five main types of Urinary continence, which are as follow: -

a) Stress Incontinence: This is loss of urine when you exert pressure on your bladder by coughing, sneejing, laughing, exercising or lifting something heavy. It has nothing to do with psychological stress. Stress incontinence, is the most common type of incontinence, often affecting women. Physical changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth and menopause can cause Incontinence.

(b) Urge incontinence: This is a sudden, intense urge to urinate, followed by an involuntary loss of urine. The need to urinate may even wake up the person several times a night.

(c) Overflow Incontinence: If a person frequently or constantly dribble urine, then he/she may have overflow incontinence. This is an inability to empty the bladder, so it overflows uncontrollably and leads to leaking of urine. This type of incontinence is common in people with a damaged bladder or blocked urethra.

(d)Mixed incontinence: This means having more than one type of incontinence, typically stress incontinence and urge incontinence.

(e)Functional Incontinence: Many older adults, especially people in nursing homes, experience incontinence simply because a physical or mental impairment keeps them from making it to the toilet in time.

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