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A stye, is medically known as hordeolum. It is a small lump that appears on, inside or under the eyelid or eyelashes. It is an inflamed oil gland present on the edge of the eyelid. It appears as a red, swollen bump that looks like a pimple. It is tender, especially to touch.

Causes of Stye

A stye is caused by bacteria from the skin that get into the hair follicle of the eyelash. Hair follicle contain oil glands that becomes inflamed due to bacteria. Styes are similar to acne pimples that occur elsewhere on the skin. Person may have more than one stye at the same time. The formation of stye, can be triggered at the time of stress. They are usually harmless.

They are usually harmless, despite their appearance. Styes usually develop over a few heal on their own. Styes are often confused with chalazion, which are cysts that forms on or inside the eyelids as a result of a blockage of one or more of meibomian glands. However, a chalazion is not an infection and is usually painless, but it may attract bacteria and leads to an infection. If a chalazion gets large enough then it can cause trouble with vision.

Symptoms of Stye

Redness, tenderness and pain are mainly the early symptoms of a stye. It has been observed that the eyelash styes are less painful and heal with less effort than eyelid styes. There is swelling noted in a small are or the entire eyelid. The eye which has been affected may water. Patient feel irritated or sensitive to light. There is discomfort felt while blinking. Moreover, a small yellowish spot, that is painting in the centre of a stye is seen.

It occurs when the pus collects and expands. Pain is usually relieved when the ruptures and thus draining the pus.Styes that appear on the eyelid are usually deeper, more painful and they last longer than those appearing on the eyelash. There may also be a gritty, scratchy sensation as if there is a foreign body.

A doctor can diagnose a stye just by looking it and thus special tests are not necessary. Styes often resolve on their own. But in certain cases they may recur. Stye is often accompanied with certain complications, such as there may be spread of infection to other eyelash follicles. There may also be spread of infection to the tissue of the eyelid, which is known as Eyelid cellulites.

Treatment of Stye

First of all, the person should wash his hands, regularly and should avoid touching the eyes in order to prevent the spread of bacteria. Patient should also avoid sharing of the make up, particularly if he/she is prone to recurring styes.

Normally, an eyelash the stye usually drain on its own in near about 2 days but then also the use of a warm compress, speeds up the healing process. A wash cloth is applied on the affected eye for 10 minutes, four times per day, to release the fluids that have built up inside the stye. Person should never squeeze the stye.

Antibiotic ointment or an antibiotic-steroid combination are used until the symptoms subside. If the eyelash stye lasts more than 3 days or the infection appears to be spreading, then consultation should be done with doctor. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed, if the stye is very large, abscessed or is not responding to other treatment. Contact lenses should not be worm during the infection or drainage of a stye. Contact lenses should be replaced after the stye has healed to prevent spread of the infection.

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