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Ptosis
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Ptosis is also known as drooping of the upper eyelid. It may occur due to several reasons such as disease, injury, birth defect, previous eye surgery and age.

In most cases, it is caused by either a weakness of the levator muscle, that is the muscle that raises the lid or a problem with the nerve that sends messages to the muscles.

Symptoms of Ptosis

Patients with Ptosis often have different blinking. It leads to irritation, infection and eyestrain. If a sudden and obvious lid droop is developed, then an ophthalmologist should be consulted immediately. The causes of ptosis symptoms are dependent on the underlying problem and are as follow:

There may be drooping lid which is the most important characteristic. Patient may feel irritation. There may be difficulty in closing the eye completely.

There may be eye fatigue from straining to keep the eyes open. It has been observed. That the children may tilt head backward in order to lift the lid. There may by crossed eye. It is also known as misaligned eye. Person suffering from Ptosis may also experience double vision.

Diagnosis of Ptosis

First of all, if a person is seen with drooping lid, then the first thing comes in mind that the person is suffering from Ptosis. Then the attempt is made to know the cause of Ptosis.

Eye practitioner or ophthalmologist is generally consulted for this. In order to make proper diagnosis, the doctor measures the height of the eyelid. Then the strength of on eyelid muscles is determined.

Evaluation is done for particular type of eye movements. Alignment of eyes is also looked for. It has been believed that if the patient that if the patient is children then there may be requirement of additional vision test for amblyopia.

Treatment of Ptosis

If proper diagnosis and detection is carried out, then the cause of disease comes out to be known. And hence, if the cause of disease is clear, then treatment is usually given according to that. In some cases, no exact cause is known. Whereas some are mainly due to aging.

If the children suffers from Ptosis then surgical correction is required Surgical correction is very necessary in order to prevent amblyopia. In this case, the surgical correction is done of lid, if it covers the pupil.

But in some cases it may also be associated with a crossed or misaligned eye known as Strabismus. If the ptosis is left untreated then it may prevent vision from developing properly resulting in development of lazy eye.

Surgical correction is done to improve the appearance of the eyelids in milder cases if the patient desires it, and may be necessary to correct interference with vision in more severe cases. Ptosis does not usually improves with time and surgery is performed under local anaestherisa



 


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