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Premenstrual Syndrome
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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a disorder characterized by a set of hormonal changes that trigger disruptive symptoms in a significant number of women for up to weeks prior to menstruation.

Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome

The exact cause of PMS that is headaches and depression are unknown. In fact it is not known that why some women have severe symptoms have severe symptoms while some have mild over and while others have none.

It is commonly believed that PMS, migraine and depression arises from the neuron chemical changes within the brain. Hormonal factors such as strongmen levels have not been appreciated till now.

The female hormone estrogen starts to rise after menstruation and peaks around mid cycle, that is ovulation. It then drops rapidly only to slowly raise and then fall again in the time during menstruation. Estrogen hold fluid and with increasing estrogen comes fluid retention, many women, report weight gains of five pounds premenstrual, Estrogen has a central neurologic effect, it can lead to increased brain activity and even seizures.

Estrogen can also contribute to retention of salt drop and a drop in blood sugar. PMS patients and mariners benefits from both salt and sugar restriction and a mild diuretic.

Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome

There are lots of symptoms seen during Premenstrual Syndrome. The most common complaints are Headache.

Fluid retention leads to headache, breast tenderness, abdominal bloating and weight gain. Anexiety is also the common feature. Patient gets irritable, crying without season, verbally and sometimes physically abuse and feeling out of control.

There is a depression and patient feels confused, clumsy, forgetful, withdrawn, fearful, paranoid suicidal thoughts and rarely food cravings, usually for sweets or chocolate. Dairy products including cheese or even for alcohol also there are certain cravings.

Hence, the symptoms are both physical and emotional. But symptoms may vary from month to month and there may even be symptom free months. There may also be painful joints, constipation, backache, abdominal cramping, heart palpitations and weight gain PMS may often be triggered by hormonal changes.

It generally begins at puberty, after pregnancy, after starting birth control pills, often hormone related surgery as hysterectomy, etc.

Individual should eat small meals at regular three hours intervals which as high in complex carbohydrates and low in simple sugar. This helps to maintain a normal blood glucose level.

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