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Menstrual Cycle
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Menstruation is the outward proof that a girl is becoming a woman. During puberty, hormone are released from the brain that stimulates ovaries. The ovaries then produce estrogen and progesterone hormones that cause the eggs in the ovaries to mature so the woman can become pregnant when she chooses to.

The process of Menstruation is as such: Every month, one egg leaves one of the ovaries on its way to the uterus via the fallopian tubes. Meanwhile, in preparation for the egg, the uterus starts to develop a thicker lining and it’s walls become cushiony.

If the egg reaches the uterus and if fertilized by sperm cell, it attaches to this cushiony wall. Most of the time the egg just passes right through the uterus no longer needs the extra blood and tissue which makes the walls thick, it sheds them by way of the vagina. This cycle happen nearly every month until the ovaries stop releasing egg, usually several decades later that is Menopause.

Periods are different for every woman. The length of the cycle also varies. Some shorter some girls have their periods for only 3 or 4 days, others as long as a week. The menstrual flow of blood can vary from woman to woman also.

During periods, emotions can become more intense than usual bloated because of water retention. Woman may also get acne floreups. Some girls may have body or mood changes around the time of periods. Menstrual cramps are pretty common during the first few days of the periods.

Irregular Menstrual Cycle

The typical menstrual cycle occurs regularly over 28 days. Most woman have cycles with an interval that lasts from 21 to 35 days. Cycles are usually long during adolescene.

The First half of the Menstrual Cycle :

1) The Menstrual Phase: The first day of the menstrual period is considered as Day 1. During this time, the endometrium is shed, along with a blood. Many of the problems that woman experience with their menstrual cycle occur during this phase. For egr some Somen experiences menstrual disorders such as cysmenorrhoea, that is painful periods and menorrhogia, that is unusually heavy periods.

2) The Follicular/Proligerate Phase During this phase the body produces a hormone called Follicle –stimulating hormone. This hormone promotes growth of a follicle within the ovary.

Menstrual Cycle Problems

The mature ovum bursts from the follicle about midway through the menstrual through the menstrual cycle. This process is known as ovulation. The ovum then travels from the ovary down the fallopian tube, into the uterus.

The Luteal/Secretory Phase:

Once the ovum has been released, the follicle becomes a sac known as the corpus luteum. During this phase, the progesterone makes the endometrial lining stronger and spongy in texture. Generally symptoms are worse during last seven to ten days of the cycle; ending at or soon after the start of menstrual period. The dip in estrogen and progesterone at the end of the cycle help the body in knowing that it’s time to start the cycle all over agin. The menstrual cycle does not have to be a drag, it is actually a sign of proper functioning body.




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