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If a person feels that he/she do not get enough sleep or satisfying sleep, then he is referred to be suffering from Insomnia. Hence the condition Insomnia, includes, difficulty falling as sleep, waking up often during the night and having trouble suffering back to sleep.

Patient suffering from Insomnia may wake up too early in the morning. He may have an un-refreshing sleep. Insomnia is not sleep. Insomnia is not the person sleep every night. It is because the amount of sleep a person needs varies. Most of the people need between seven to eight hours of sleep a night, but some people do well with less and some need more.

Types of insomnia and Causes of Insomnia

A person can have primary or secondary insomnia.

Primary insomnia means that a person is having sleep problems that are not associated with any other health problem. Secondary insomnia means that a person is having sleep problems because of certain health conditions like depression, heartburn, cancer, asthma, arthritis etc. Insomnia can cause problems such as sleepiness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating and irritability. A person with insomnia may also have another sleep disorder such as sleep apnea, narcolepsy and restless legs syndrome. Secondary Insomnia can also occur due to pain, medication the person is taking or a substance that he is using like alcohol.

Insomnia can be short term known as Acute Insomnia or last a long time known as chronic Insomnia. It can also came and go known as Intermittent Insomnia, with periods of time when a person has no sleep problems. Acute or short-term insomnia can last from one night to a few weeks. It is often caused by emotional or physical discomfort.

Causes of acute insomnia include illness, significant life stress like job or change, death of a loved one, etc. Certain environmental factors like noise, light or extreme temperatures like hot or extreme temperatures like hot cold may interfere with the sleep. During chronic Insomnia the person has insomnia at least 3 nights a week for 1 month or longer. The common causes of chronic insomnia are depression, chronic stress and pain or discomfort at night.

Habits which promote a good nights sleep are as follow:

Good sleep habits can helps a person to get good night’s sleep.

There are as follow:

Person should avoid caffeine, nicotine and alcohol late in the day. Caffeine and nicotine are stimulants and can prevent the person from falling asleep. Person should get regular exercise. He/she should not try to exercise close to the bed time because it may stimulate the person and make it difficult to fall asleep. Hence, I is advised not to exercise for 3 hours before the sleep time. Person should not eat a heavy male late in the day. A light snack before bedtime. However, may help the person to sleep. Person should try to get to sleep at the time each night and get up at the same time each morning. Person should try not to take naps during the day because naps may make the person less sleepy at night.

Treatment of Insomnia

Acute or short-term insomnia may not require treatment. But if the insomnia makes its hard to function during the day because of feeling sleepy and tired, then the doctor may prescribe sleeping pills for a limited tie. But the side effects of sleeping pills can be a problem too. Very mild insomnia can be prevented or cured by following good sleep habits.

Treatment for chronic insomnia include first treating any underlying conditions or health problems. But if the insomnia continues, then behavioral therapy or medication may be given. Most medicines may show side effects and hence they should be used with caution. Behavioral approaches to treatment focus on changing behavior that may worsen insomnia and to learn new behaviours to promote sleep.

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