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Impetigo
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Impetigo is a skin infection, which is caused by bacteria. It is most commonly seen in children an is contagious. It usually produces blisters or sores on the face and hands. It is one of the most common skin infection. Impetigo forms a round, crusted oozing spots that grow larger day by day .

Causes of Impetigo

It is mainly caused by one of the two bacteria, that is group A streptococcus or staphylococcus aureus. Impetigo, generally affects pre-school and school-age children.

It is commonly seen in the summer months. A child may develop impetigo if his/her skin is already being irritated or injured with other skin problems like eczema, poison ivy, insect bites or a skin allergy to soap or make up.

While the bacteria causing impetigo may have been caught from someone else with impetigo or boils and hence we can say that impetigo usually begins out of the blue without any particular source of infection. Generally, hands and face are thought to be the favorite locations for impetigo but some times it may occur on other parts of the body also.

Signs and Symptoms of Impetigo

It impetigo is caused by Group A streptococcus then it usually begins as tiny blisters. These blisters finally burst and leave small wet patches of red skin that may weep fluid. Slowly, a tan or yellowish brown crust covers the affected area and thus making it look like as if it has been coated with honey or brown sugar.

If impetigo is caused by Staphylococcus aureus then it triggers larger fluid containing blisters, which appears clear and then cloudy. Such type of blisters are more likely to stay intact longer on the skin without bursting.

Impetigo is contagious in nature and can spread to anyone who comes into contact with infected skin or other items, such as clothing, towels, bed lines etc that have been touched by infected and also spread the infection by scratching it and then touching other parts of the body.

Impetigo Natural Cures

Good hygiene practice such as regular hand washing helps to prevent impetigo. Child’s skin should be kept clean by using soap and water. Special care should be taken of areas of the skin that have been injured, such as cuts, scrapes, bug bites and areas of eczema and rashes caused by allergic reactions.

Such areas should be kept clean and covered. Person suffering from impetigo should avoid close contact with other people. Children should be kept home from school until the lesions crust over. Patient should use separate towels. The patient’s towels, pillowcases, and sheets should be changes after the first day of treatment.

His/her clothing should be changed and laundered daily for the first two days. It should be made sure that anyone in the family with impetigo keeps his or her fingernails cut short and that the impetigo sores are covered with gauze and tape.

Impetigo Treatment

Antibiotics, which are taken by mouth usually, subsides impetigo within four or five days. An antibiotic ointment such as Polysporin should be applied in thin layer at least four times a day Crusts should be removed before the ointment is applied.

For the removal of a crust, soak a soft, clean cloth in a mixture of one half cup of white vinegar and a quart of lukewarm water. Then this cloth is pressed on the crust for 10-15 minutes three or four times daily. Then the crust of gently wiped off and a little antibiotic ointment is applied.



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