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Information on Human Reproductive Technology
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No person shall knowingly causes the fertilization of a human ovum by sperm of an animal or the fertilization of an animal ovum by human sperm, for the purpose of producing a zygote that is capable of differentiation. It short, it says that we can’t create animal/human half-breeds.

There are also sections to prohibit growing animal embryos in women and to make it illegal to keep human embryos alive outside the womb. There is even one reserved specifically for stopping people from taking ova or sperm from corpse and using it reproduction.

The Human Reproductive and Genetic Technologies Act, was introduced in the House of Commons on June 1996. It was meant to be Canada’s law to govern reproductive and genetic technologies. Bringing a new life into the world is not as simple as it used to be.

And it seems the task of creating the laws to govern reproduction has become just as complicated. Reproductive and genetic technologies include common procedures such as in vitro fertilization and donor insemination, which are used to help couples get pregnant. R

eproductive Technology Act also includes newer technologies such as those that could manipulate genetic material, thereby determining characteristics of a child before the child is born or even conceived. The use of Reproductive and genetic technology sparks a wide range of contentious moral issues.

Everyone from right-wing religious groups to medical research associations has voiced their opinions on the matter. The story began back in 1989 when the government set up the Royal Commission on New Reproductive. Technologies.

In this case, donor clinic were using sperm from donors who had been tested for disease such as HIV. People were being discriminated against when it came to access to services. And some commercial clinics were offering parents the service of treating sperm so they could decide the sex of their child.

As a result, the government placed a moratorium on nine controversial issues, including sex selection, human embryo cloning and the buying and selling of eggs, sperm and embryos. There were many who criticized, mainly because it only included what should be prohibited. No human cloning, no sex selection.

No selling sperm or other genetic material. The law did not include what should be allowed. At the same time, people who foresaw new technologies being developed in the coming years said the law left out too much. For example, pre implantation genetic diagnosis was only developed in the last half of the 1990s is vitro fertilization technique allowed doctors to detect genetic diseases at the embryonic stage.

And the completed map of the human genome has cleared the way for many advances in human genetics that will bridge the gap from science fiction fact over the next few years.

These laws have two goals, that is to help people have children safely and to make sure that the research into new reproductive technology is morally sound. The Assisted Human Reproduction Act, not only outlines what practices are forbidden, but also what practices are allowed and how they should be regulated.

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