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Genitals herpes is defined as a sexually transmitted disease which is caused by the herpes simplex viruses (HSV) type 1 and type 2. Most genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus type-2.
Most of the people do not show any symptoms form HSV 1 or HSV 2 infection. When symptoms do occur, they usually appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. The blisters break, leaving ulcers or tender sores that may take up to four weeks to heal.
Typically, another outbreak can appear weeks or months later. Although the infection can stay in the body forever, but the number of outbreaks usually decreases over a period of years.
Causes of Genital Herpes
Herpes is a virus that can be passed through sexual contact. An individual can get genital herpes by having sex with someone who has open sores and when someone has no sores.
However, herpes is most contagious when a person has open sores. People with herpes should not have sexual activity when sores or other symptoms of herpes are present.
Herpes simplex virus type-1 can cause genital herpes, but it more commonly causes infections of the mouth and lips or fever blisters. Condoms can lower the chances of getting herpes. Valtrex ® is a drug used to treat herpes and thus helps in lowering the changes of passing the virus during vaginal sex.
Symptoms of Genital Herpes
The symptoms of genital herpes vary from person to person. The early symptoms produced are as follow: There is an itching or burning feeling in the genital or oral area. There are flue like symptoms including fever.
There may be pain in the legs, buttocks or genital area. There may be vaginal discharge and a feeling of pressure in the area below the stomach. The later symptoms of genital herpes are as follow:
A small red bumps are seen on the penis, vagina or wherever the infection began. These bumps may become blisters or painful open sores that can take upto sores that can take upto four weeks to heal.
There may also be fever, headache, muscle, aches, pain when urinating, swollen glands in the genital area, etc. Herpes symptoms can come and go but the virus stays in the nerve cells of the our body even afte all signs of the infection have gone away.
In most people, the virus becomes active from time to time thus creating an outbreak. Some people have herpes virus outbreaks only once or twice. Other people have may outbreaks of herpes each year.
Treatment of Genital Herpes
There is no treatment for genital herpes. Certain drugs such as acyclovir, valacyclovir and famciclovir can shorten the outbreaks and make then less severe or stop them from happening.
When used along with safe sex practices, Valacyclovir can also help prevent the infection from passing into some one else. Person should keep the infected area clean and dry. He/she should try not to touch the sores. Person should wash hands after contact.
Person should also avoid sexual contact from the time the symptoms are first noticed until the sores have healed. Hence Genital Herpes can be prevented by use of condoms or having a sexual relationship with one partner who has been tested for herpes and is not infected is another way to reduce the chances of getting infected.
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