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Facial Cleansers
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There are three Methods to Cleanse the Face:
  • Facial cleansers

  • Implements

  • Cleansers and Tools.

  • Facial Cleansers – Soap

Dermatologists don’t recommend the use of soap on the face. In particular, a type of deodorant soap, comber, contains fragrance and harsh detergent, which is more suitable for the body.

Mild soap-free cleansing bars composed of synthetic detergent, called syndets contain a low pH. A low pH is more acidic, so it doesn’t disturb the acid coating of the skin. A high pH, which is more alkaline, would disturb the skin’s acid mantle and thus irritate the skin. However, facial cleansing bars may not remove oil from an oily complexion. Therefore, liquid facial cleansers would be more suitable for this skin type.

Lipid-free Cleansers

“Lipid-free cleansers are best for patients with excessively dry or sensitive skin,” said Dr. Draelos. “However, they are not very effective at removing oil or environmental dirt and are only recommended where minimal cleansing is needed.” Ingredients in lipid-free cleansers include glycerin, cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, sodium laurel and sulfate, among others. Dermatologists don’t recommend this type of cleanser for skin with acne because the product would moisturize the skin.

Cleansing Creams

Cleansing creams contain water, mineral oil, petrolatum and waxes. They are best for those with dry skin. Cleansing creams cleanse the skin as well as remove cosmetics

Abrasive Scrubs

Abrasive scrubs not only cleanse the skin but also exfoliate it. “Scrubs were developed after it was found that exfoliating produced smoother skin,” stated Dr. Draelos. “The challenge with abrasive scrubs is that the scrubbing granules can cause irritation, redness or slight wounds on the face.” Those with sensitive skin should not use harsh, abrasive scrubs that contain, among other ingredients, aluminum oxide particles and ground fruit pits. But even those with sensitive skin may use a mild facial scrub that contains polyethylene beads or sodium tetraborate decahydrate granules, added Dr. Draelos

Skin Cleansing Tools

Skin cleansing tools were developed for those who want to achieve thorough facial cleansing. “Individuals who use implements or tools with cleansers often feel that they are getting a deeper clean, but cleansing involves the chemical interaction of the cleanser with the skin accompanied by the physical act of scrubbing,”. “Dermatologists can help individuals select the appropriate implement or tool to include in a good facial hygiene routine

Woven Mesh

This implement helps cleanse and exfoliate the skin. Non-woven, polyester fiber sponges are too harsh on the skin. However, woven mesh sponges are appropriate for most skin types, are gentler, and contain a mild cleanser.

Face Cloths

Disposable facial cleansing cloths release a foaming cleanser when wet. "The recent addition of humectants and emollients to these cloths can decrease the damage to the skin's natural barrier that occurs during cleansing and help smooth the skin," stated Dr. Draelos. "These ingredients also are especially beneficial for those of us with dry skin who need to wash frequently." Loose, open-weave cloths help exfoliate the skin and are recommended for sensitive skin. Tight or closed-weave cloths also exfoliate the skin but to a greater extent. These are recommended for oily skin.

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