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Child Birth
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Child birth is defined as the completion of a human pregnancy with the delivery of a new born infant its mother’s uterus. Childbirth is also known as labour, or parturition. A women is considered to be in labour when she begins experiencing regular, strong uterine contractions, and there are also changes produced in her cervix.

Generally, procedure of giving birth to the child is considered very painful but some women do get painful but some women do get painless labours. After the baby is born, its weight at that time is measured.

In some cultures, child birth is considered to be the beginning of a person’s life and a person’s age is defined relative to it. Childbirth is a stressful event. As with any stressful event, strong emotions, can be brought to the surface.

Stages of child birth

First Stage:

Normally, the childbirth begin with the onset of contractions of the uterus. The onset of labour may be sudden or gradual. A gradual onset with slow cervical change towards 3 cm dilation is referred to as the “latent phase”. A woman is said to be in “active labour” when contractions have become regular in frequency. The labour may begin with a rupture of the amniotic sac, the paired amnion and chorion.

The contractions will accelerate in frequency and strengthen. During a contraction the long muscles of the uterus contract, starting at the top of the uterus and working their way down to the bottom.

Each contraction dilates the cervix until it becomes completely dilated, often referred to as 10+cm or 4 inches in diameter. The duration of labour varies widely, but near about 13 hours for women giving birth to their first child and 8 hours for women who have already given birth.

Second Stage :

During this stage, the body is expelled from the womb through the vagina by both the uterine contractions and by the additional maternal efforts of bearing down which lots of women think as sensation of straining of expel a large bowel movement. The baby is commonly born headfirst.

Mother And Child After Birth

Doctors recommended breastfeeding of the first milk, colostrums to reduce postpartum bleeding in the mother and to pass immunities and other benefits to the baby. Parents give names to their infants soon after birth. People visit and bring a gift for the baby.

Many cultural rites and rituals are performed such as naming ceremonies, baptism and others. Mothers are often allowed baby moon period where they are relieved of their normal duties to recover from childbirth and establish breastfeeding with their babies. Length of this period varies.

It is commonly referred to as “doing the month”. When the amniotic sac has not ruptured during labour or pushing, then the infant can be born with the membranes intact and it is known as Caul. The caul is harmless and its membranes are easily broken and wiped away

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