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Chemical Burns
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Chemical burns are those, which are seen commonly on the face, eyes, and arms and leg. Usually, a chemical burn is small and requires only outpatient treatment.

Causes of Chemical Burns

Most of the chemicals that cause burns are either strong acids or bases. They may be even expected to the toxic. By taking proper precautions and proper awareness the family is risk of injury can be reduced.

There are various household products known which leads to the chemical burn. For example, the use or bleach may lead to chemical burn. Drain or toilet bowl cleaners, Metal cleaners, Pool chlorinators, concrete mix, etc. may also lead to chemical burns.

Symptoms of Chemical Burns

Signs and symptoms of chemical burns are like- redness irritation or burning at the site of contact. There may also be pain or numbness the site of contact. There may be formation of blisters or black dead skin at the contact site.

Vision changes occur if the chemical gets into the eyes. There may be even cough or shortness of breath noted. But in severe cases of chemical burn, the person may experience lowering of blood pressure. There may be faintness, weakness, and dizziness. Even shortness of breath noted. But in severe cases of Chemical burn, the person may experience lowering of blood pressure.

There may faintness, weakness. Even shortness of breath or severe cough may be noted in certain cases. There may also be headache. Muscle twitching or seizures are very common findings. There may also be cardiac arrest or irregular heart beat. Chemical burns are really very much unpredictable. In rare cases even death from a chemical injury can occur. Chemical burns can be deceiving.

Tissue depends on several factors like the strength or concentration of the agent. It also depends upon the site of contact that is the eye, skin, mucous membrane, etc.

It also depends on whether the burn causing agent is swallowed or inhaled. It also depends whether the skin is intact or not.

Intensity of chemical burn depends upon how much of the causative agent, the person comes into contact. Chemical burn intensity also depends upon the duration of exposure and particularly how the chemical works.

Treatment of Chemical Burns

Many of the people who suffer from chemical burn are not needed to be admitted. Most of them can go home after getting the advised medicines but in certain cases where severe burns have occurred they need to be admitted to a hospital.

In case of chemical burn, the injured or victim person should be removed from the accident area. Then any contaminated clothing should be removed. Then the injured area is washed with large amount of water to remove the substance. Washing should be done for at least 20 minutes. Especially, there should be washing away of any chemical present in the eye.

Intravenous fluids may be needed to the normalize the blood pressure and heart rate. The intravenous access may also be used for any medications that are needed to treat pain or protect against infection. Antibiotics are normally not needed for minor chemical burns.

Wounds are cleansed and bandaged with medicated creams and sterile wraps if necessary. Pain in a burn can often be revere and require proper analgesics. If there is any type of breathing problems then a breathing tube may be placed in the airway.


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